Examining the role of the president in the American style of representative government can be an elusive task. We think we are familiar with presidential power, but the divide between a president’s constitutional power and the power he (since only men have occupied the presidential office, to date) uses is vast and wide. For example, does the commander-in-chief's power negate any criminal wrongdoing on the part of LBJ’s decision to secretly bomb Laos during the Vietnam War? From a constitutional point of view, the president is more of a government clerk than the most powerful person in the free world. In the absence of defined power does that equate to unlimited power? What is the difference between the criminality of what President Nixon did (lie, cheat, steal) and President Obama’s decision to torture suspected al-Qaeda operatives? Some would say there is no comparison, others would argue what President Obama did is far worse than anything Nixon ever did. This is the focus of our study of the presidency – the growth of presidential power and the subsequent implications for the Biden Administration.
The focus of this course is to examine the presidency as an institution with norms and behaviors. It is not a study of individual personalities that occupy the Oval Office. While individuals are certainly a significant part of the study of the presidency, it is important to pull back to understand how the institution of the presidency has evolved and changed since FDR. The seeds of a muscular presidency were planted during President Roosevelt's administration; it is not a recent phenomenon. In addition, we will examine the relationship that the president has had with Congress, the media, and voters. These topics and others will comprise our exploration of the U.S. presidency. There will be approximately 3-4 hours of daily readings that will lead to our in-class discussions. You will also be expected to read and watch major national news outlets (e.g., New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Fox News, and Los Angeles Times).
In terms of learning outcomes, the ability to see past the tweets and daily media coverage to understand the long-term trends and outcomes is crucial to our study of the office of the U.S. presidency.
At the end of this course, you will be able to:
• identify the constitutional powers of the presidency
• explain key differences between the historical presidency and the modern presidency
• analyze the power imbalance between the three branches of government
• recommend ways to strengthen legislative and judicial oversight of the executive branch
Online sections of Pre-College courses are offered in one of the following modalities: Asynchronous, Mostly asynchronous, or Blended. Please review full information regarding the experience here.